A person centred process involves listening, thinking together, coaching, sharing ideas, and seeking feedback. This process is ongoing to make sure each person is supported towards their personal goals, even as they evolve and change. The ultimate aim is to understand what each individual person wants and needs to live their own, personally defined, good life. When we are working with someone, we make sure we keep their strengths and interests, their communication preference, and who people they would like to involve, top of mind.
Insurance payments are increasingly linked to the provision of patient-centered care. Lost in many of the discussions of patient-centered care, however, is the essential and revolutionary meaning of what it means to be patient centered.
The originators of client-centered and patient-centered health care were well aware of the moral implications of their work, which was based on deep respect for patients as unique living beings, and the obligation to care for them on their terms.
Thus, patients are known as persons in context of their own social worlds, listened to, informed, respected, and involved in their care—and their wishes are honored but not mindlessly enacted during their health care journey. Fortunately, that debate has been laid to rest; proponents of evidence-based medicine now accept that a good outcome must be defined in terms of what is meaningful and valuable to the individual patient.
Thus, efforts to promote patient-centered care should consider patient-centeredness of patients and their familiesclinicians, and health systems. Training physicians to be more mindful, informative, and empathic transforms their role from one characterized by authority to one that has the goals of partnership, solidarity, empathy, and collaboration.
Systems changes that unburden primary care physicians from the drudgery of productivity-driven assembly-line medicine can diminish the cognitive overload and exhaustion that makes medical care anything but caring or patient-centered.
Confusion about what patient-centered care really means, however, can produce efforts that are superficial and unconvincing.
In the name of patient-centeredness, hospitals have been adopting models used by boutique hotels with greeters, greenery, and gadgetry.
Calls for patient-centered care have often emphasized the implementation of infrastructural changes. Simply implementing an electronic health record in itself is not patient-centered unless it strengthens the patient-clinician relationship, promotes communication about things that matter, helps patients know more about their health, and facilitates their involvement in their own care.
Similarly, advanced access scheduling could as likely lead to greater access to an overworked, uncaring functionary as it could to a familiar and caring presence in time of need.
With social changes in medicine, the operational definition of patient-centered care is changing, and measures should reflect those changes. A patient-centered approach should do more. The physician should invite the patient to participate: Patients usually have questions because it can be complicated.
Could you tell me what you understand, and then I can help clarify…? How can we know whether interventions intended to improve patient-centered care have achieved their goals? How can we meaningfully reward practitioners and health systems that achieve patient-centered care? In their article in this issue of the Annals, Hudon et al 13 provide an important service to clinicians and researchers of patient-centered care.
The appendices provide a valuable resource of various related measures, ones that can be used for research and assessment purposes. Perhaps more importantly, the article identifies several shortcomings of current approaches to measuring patient-centered care, many of which result from confusion between its associated philosophy, behaviors, and outcomes.
First, philosophically, patient-centered care is an approach to care and perceived as the right thing to do. Second, many of the measures confound behaviors with outcomes, leading to confusing results.
Researchers are only beginning to model pathways through which patient-centered care behaviors contribute to better outcomes. Thus, it is important to understand which proximal outcomes of patient-centered care—feeling understood, trust, or motivation for change—might contribute most strongly to improved adherence and self-care.
Third, it is commonly assumed that the patient is the best judge of whether an interaction is patient centered. This assumption is understandable, yet sometimes what patients think they want eg, a drug is not what they need eg, information.
Survey measures should take into account that patients often overrate the degree to which they have been informed about and understand their illnesses. Fortunately, several groups with sufficient expertise and infrastructure are developing new measures, building on the laudable efforts of their predecessors.
New measures should undergo cognitive testing and piloting in a variety of settings, recognizing that no single measure will adequately capture relevant aspects of patient-centered care across clinical contexts and populations.
For comparing overall quality of interpersonal care across health care settings, a brief general measure, such as the Consumer Assessment of Health Plans Survey CAHPSshould be mentioned.
Although some settings use CAHPS and similar tools to identify individual practitioners in need of remediation, these tools were not designed for that purpose.
To provide actionable feedback to individual clinicians or health systems about what needs to be changed to achieve patient-centered care, more detailed surveys, standardized patient assessments, or direct observation will be necessary.Promote person centred approaches in health and social care Essay Sample.
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Be able to implement and advance active engagement 4. 1 Describe different ways of using active engagement to run into persons demands.
Implement person centred approaches in health and social care (HSC ) Outcome 1 Understand person centred approaches for care and support 1) Define person-centred values Treating people as individuals Making sure people have their privacy Making sure people have access to their rights Treating people with dignity and respect Supporting people to be as independent as possible 2) Explain why.
Below is an essay on "Implement Person Centred Approaches in Health and Social Care" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. 1 Understand person centred approaches for care and . Person-centered care. Person-centred care means the person is an equal partner in planning their care.
It is important to find out what they know, what they've tried before, what they're willing to do now and what they think they can manage over an extended period of time. The Person-Centred Care Nursing Framework consists of four constructs: prerequisites, the care environment, person-centred processes, and outcomes (McCance et al., ).
To deliver effective care, one must work from the outer circle first to the core. Open Document. Below is an essay on "Unit Implement Person Centred Approaches in Health and Social Care" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples/5(1).