While the various parts of the brain have been observed to have discreet functions for processing specific types of information, the process of thought, or cognition, uses a neural network of interconnections between separate areas.
Monday, June 24, Phineas Gage Researchers have studied the brain for years to find the exact role of the brain in cognitive functions. Phineas P Gage, a railway construction worker received a traumatic brain injury, which provides insight into exactly how a traumatic brain injury TBI affects cognitive functions.
The Role of the Brain in Cognitive Functions Several structures compose the brain, which play a key role in several cognitive functions. Four structures or lobes that divide the cerebral cortex and play a role in cognitive functions are the frontal lobe, the parietal lobe, the temporal lobe, and the occipital lobe.
Other structures of the brain that play a key role in cognitive functions include the subcortical located beneath the cortex structures, which include the thalamus, amygdala, caudate, putamen, hippocampus, and cerebellum. The thalamus functions as a relay station for motor and sensory information, which includes visual, somatosensory, and auditory sensory signals.
The amygdala functions as a processor of emotion strikingly the emotion of fear and information regarding social functions Willingham, The caudate and putamen are separate but related structures important in movement and some barely understood cognitive functions Willingham, The hippocampus plays a crucial role in memory.
The cerebellum plays a role crucial in motor control and likely in certain higher level cognitive functions, although the exact role is still unknown. Another structure is the spinal cord; along with the brain they compose the central nervous system.
In on September 13, Gage a railway construction workman suffered a traumatic penetrating head injury. Gage was working outside Cavendish, Vermont, at the Rutland and Burlington Railroad project, when a tamping iron measuring three feet-seven inches long was accidentally fired through his skull Grieve, Although a traumatic accident, Gage physically made a good recovery and lived 12 years after the accident but died in San Francisco on May 21,from epilepsy complications Grieve, Individuals also commonly experience problems with executive functions, information-processing speed, and memory.
The specific changes that Gage went through pointed to emerging theories concerning localization of brain function, or an idea that specific functions are associated with certain areas of the brain Cherry, However, today there is a better understand of the role of the frontal cortex and how it plays a key role in higher order functions, which include social cognition, language, and reasoning.
Conclusion The role of the brain plays a key role in brain cognitive functions. Phineas Gage, a railroad worker remembered for surviving an accident involving a tamping iron rod passing completely through his skull, which mainly damaged his left frontal lobe.Oct 29, · Each part of the brain has a special role in cognitive functions (Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, n.d.).
Some aspects of cognition that take place in the brain include perception, attention, emotion, planning learning, memory, thinking, and barnweddingvt.com: Into The Depths of The Human Mind. Role of the Brain in Cognitive Functions The brain is comprised of two hemispheres or halves: the left and the right ("Brain Functions", ).
The left side of the body is controlled by the right half and the right side of the body is controlled by the left half (" Brain Functions", ). Jun 24, · Several structures compose the brain, which play a key role in several cognitive functions.
Four structures or lobes that divide the cerebral cortex and play a role in cognitive functions are the frontal lobe, the parietal lobe, the temporal lobe, and the occipital lobe. You did well in explaining Explains the role of the brain in the role of the brain in cognitive functions Describes what Phineas Gage‟s cognitive functions as well accident revealed about how brain as describing what Gage’s areas support cognitive function accident revealed about how .
Cognitive functions explained in simple terms. You don't need to be a genius to understand this. It is the basis for personality type and why we are so different. The great strength of this book is the way it draws together divergent sources of evidence to create an overall picture of the role played by this area of the brain.
Studies based on experimental lesions in non-human primates converge with .