Essay on the inequality of human races

The book was written after the revolution when Gobineau began studying the works of Xavier Bichat and Johann Blumenbach. In a letter to Count Anton von Prokesch-Osten in he describes the book as based upon "a hatred for democracy and its weapon, the Revolution, which I satisfied by showing, in a variety of ways, where revolution and democracy come from and where they are going.

Essay on the inequality of human races

Background[ edit ] Gobineau was a Legitimist who despaired at France's decline into republicanism and centralization. The book was written after the revolution when Gobineau began studying the works of Xavier Bichat and Johann Blumenbach.

In a letter to Count Anton von Prokesch-Osten in he describes the book as based upon "a hatred for democracy and its weapon, the Revolution, which I satisfied by showing, in a variety of ways, where revolution and democracy come from and where they are going.

Essay on the inequality of human races

By this Gobineau refers to his division of humans into three main races: The biblical division into HamitesSemitesand Japhetites is for Gobineau a division within the white race. In general, Gobineau considers the Bible to be a reliable source of actual history, and he was not a supporter of the idea of polygenesis.

Hotze's translation was published in as The Moral and Intellectual Diversity of Races, with an added essay from Hotze and appendix from Nott.

The Inequality of Human Races - Wikisource, the free online library

However, it "omitted the laws of repulusion and attraction, which were at the heart of Gobineau's account of the role of race-mixing in the rise and fall of civilizations".

It continues to be republished in the USA. Influence[ edit ] Steven Kale argues that Gobineau's "influence on the development of racial theory has been exaggerated and his ideas have been routinely misconstrued".

Festwho wrote a biography of Hitler, describes Gobineau, in particular his negative views on race-mixing as expressed in his essay, as an eminent influence on Adolf Hitler and Nazism.

Fest writes that the influence of Gobineau on Hitler can be easily seen and that Gobineau's ideas were used by Hitler in simplified form for demagogic purposes: Implicitly, the folk of Judah merely represented a wandering, semi-austral variation of Ur-Aryan blood-stock.

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In these lines of speculative anthropology, the Jews were anciently supposedly primordially interpreted as of atypical Indo-European ethnicity: Judaic racial typology emerged from Iranid — Nordid founders, the details considered inessential, possessors of compatibly "white" "Aryan" blood being the main point.

The latter-day "Hamiticized" Jewish folk came into existence from non-Afro-Asiatic Hurrian or HoriteJebusiteAmorite or early- HittiteMittani -affiliated racial nuclei, the "consensus science" of the time asserted. The blatantly, ironically almost aggressive pro-Jewish attitude of Gobineau, akin to Nietzsche in sheer admiration and lionization of the Jews as one of the "highest races", proved ideologically vertiginous to the Nazi propagandists and Procrustean thinkers—here Gobineau unmistakably contradicted perhaps the main pillar of Nazi political ideology, the schizoid, neo-Gnostic dualism of "Jewish demonology", painfully obvious as reflective of low-grade moral-intellectual barbarism.

Incompatible with Nazi ideology, the Count's fervent Judaic positivity and total dearth of antisemitism the Nazis could only attempt to ignore or minimize away in the silence of hypocrisy.In race: Gobineau’s Essay on the Inequality of Human Races.

The most important promoter of racial ideology in Europe during the midth century was Joseph-Arthur, comte de Gobineau, who had an almost incalculable effect on late 19th-century social theory. To these books belongs the Essay on the Inequality of Human Races of Count Gobineau, ignored during the time the author lived but released in Germany after his death.

Arthur de Gobineau was born in Ville d’Avray in to a family of ancient Norman origin.

Essay on the inequality of human races

Nov 30,  · Essai sur l'inégalité des races humaines (An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races) (–) by Joseph Arthur Comte de Gobineau was intended as a work of philosophical enquiry into decline and degeneration. It is today considered as .

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Essai sur l'inégalité des races humaines (Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races, –) by Joseph Arthur, Comte de Gobineau, was intended to awaken . Gobineau’s Essay on the Inequality of Human Races The most important promoter of racial ideology in Europe during the midth century was Joseph-Arthur, comte de Gobineau, who had an almost incalculable effect on late 19th-century social theory.

A new English language version The Inequality of Human Races, translated by Adrian Collins, was published in Britain and the USA in and remains the standard English language version.

It continues to be republished in the USA.

An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races - Wikipedia