The physician and philosopher Galen was born at Pergamum in A. His father, Aelius Nicon, was an architect and builder with an interest in mathematics, logic, and astronomy and a fondness for exotic mathematical and literary recreations. The prestigious cult association of therapeutai included magistrates, senators, highly-placed members of the imperial civil service, and literary men from all over the province.
The young Hippocrates observed his physician father and his peers practicing the healing art. He traveled throughout Greece and possibly as far as Libya and Egypt. Ptolemy Soter — b. Hippocrates is best known for his dictum that if the physician could not take away suffering then he must at least alleviate it.
He used observation to document physical symptoms and behavior, in contrast to making offerings and appealing to supernatural forces. He took into account the interplay of three variables: He stressed the importance of hygiene and believed that the doctor belonged at the side of the patient rather than in a temple far away.
Although he did not use the term immune system, he recognized that there were individual differences that affected the severity of any affliction. Of the Epidemics offers one of his best writings, describing a mumps epidemic.
The Corpus Hippocraticum gives an excellent overview of Greek medicine in the fifth century b. The oath begins with a pledge to Apollo, Asclepius his son, and his daughters, Hygeia and Panacea. It stresses the mentoring relationships and the lifelong relationship of the physician to the person who taught him the healing arts.
There is a promise not to help a patient commit suicide. There is also a statement about privacy and confidentiality. Not all Greek physicians practiced by Hippocratic dictates, but all accepted the humoral theory as the basis for human physiology.
In this theory air, water, earth, and fire were the four elements that made up the universe and the human body. Water was moist, air was dry, fire was hot, and earth was cold. The human body was a microcosm of this scheme, and its corresponding fluids, or humors, were in combinations of two.
Blood was warm and wet; black bile, cold and dry; yellow bile, warm and dry; and phlegm, cold and wet. When the fluids were in balance, health abounded.
When skewed, disease resulted. Ancient Greek physicians recognized that discharges from various organs resulted from trauma or sickness. The amount of training of Greek physicians varied because no medical schools, standards, or examinations existed.
A doctor often apprenticed to a more experience practitioner before practicing on his own. In addition to sole practitioners there were public physicians, medical officers elected in some cities.
There were also clinics for the less affluent called jatreia. He was interested in many areas of knowledge, but logic was one of his favorite mental exercises. He began to categorize living things into groups with similarities and wrote extensive compendiums on plants and animals.
This was the basis for biology and anatomy. Unfortunately, he did not see the interior of a human body because dissection was not practiced.Galen: a Biographical Sketch I.
Birth and family. The physician and philosopher Galen was born at Pergamum in A.D. His father, Aelius Nicon, was an architect and builder with an interest in mathematics, logic, and astronomy and a fondness for exotic mathematical and literary recreations.
Claudius Galen was a Greek physician who went to Rome and revived the ideas of Hippocrates and other Greek doctors. Galen favoured the observations of Hippocrates and other Greek doctors who lived at the time of Hippocrates.
Essay about Claudius Galen of Pergamum Words | 16 Pages Claudius Galen of Pergamum Claudius Galen was a second century physiologist, philosopher, and writer who is often considered the most important contributor to medicine following Hippocrates.
Free Essay: Claudius Galen of Pergamum Claudius Galen was a second century physiologist, philosopher, and writer who is often considered the most important.
Claudius Galenus, or Galen, was born in Pergamum, an old Greek city on the Aegean coast of Asia Minor, or present day Turkey, in the year A.D. Pergamum was an ancient center of learning and medicine, having an Asclepion and a famous library that second only to the one in Alexandria.
Claudius Galen of Pergamum Claudius Galen was a second century physiologist, philosopher, and writer who is often considered the most important contributor to medicine following Hippocrates.