Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. Causes tissue damage in the lungs when inhaled over long periods and can lead to asbestosis, mesothelioma, and lung cancer. Used as an insulator and fire retardant, applied to steel beams. Benzene Flammable and carcinogenic.
Here we discuss the causes of terrorism, or more specifically, why people become terrorists. In order to combat terrorism, we must first understand the drivers of terrorism.
Identifying these drivers allows policy makers to target terrorism at its root causes rather than fight those who have already become radicalized. The causes of terrorism have been under much debate.
There is evidence for and against every reason on this list however, more often than not, it is a combination of several that lead to terrorism. Below are the most common causes cited by leaders in the counterterrorism field.
Causes of Terrorism Ethno-nationalism The desire of a population to break away from a government or ruling power and create a state of their own can cause the formation of terrorist groups. In the 20th century this Causes of terrorism seen often times with regions or states attempting to gain independence from their colonial era masters.
However, as Bruce Hoffman points out in Inside Terrorismethno-nationalist terrorism had been around decades before even the First World War. Today Hamas is one of the most active ethno-nationalist driven groups carrying out suicide bombings and attacks against the state of Israel with the goal of creating a Palestinian state.
Chechen terrorist organizations are also ethno-nationalists for their attacks against the government and people of Russia in the attempt to form their own state.
Within many countries around the globe minority groups exist wishing to garner some form of independence, if not their own state altogether. Therefore ethno-nationalism will continue to be a significant source of terrorism.
It is important to recognize this and counter it with more politically inclusive processes that Causes of terrorism mitigate the grievances of minority groups, though some will inevitably continue to employ terrorism until they achieve their desired independent nation.
Many times these groups face discrimination in the countries they reside, leading to further feelings of isolation. They commonly move from poorer countries, particularly Muslim states in the case of Europe, to wealthier ones to go to school or find work. As Marc Sageman discusses in his book Understanding Terror Networksonce in these countries they begin to feel alienated.
The new host nation is substantially different than their own culture, and is usually much less community oriented. This causes alienated individuals to seek out communities with cultures like their home countries or others like themselves.
Growing sentiments of discrimination can lead groups to look to more conservative, and eventually, extremist ideologies. The cell included a number of expatriate Muslims studying in Germany who sought out other conservative Muslims to band together when they felt homesick in a Western society that was alien to them.
This started them down the trail of radicalization as they became more jaded with the world around them. These groups are subjected to discriminatory social policies, such as the headscarf law in France, that then cause them to become radicalized. The problem here, particularly in the case of Europe, is that many of these expatriates who become radicalized due to alienation from being in a foreign society also hold European passports and thus can travel within Europe with increased ease, as well as enter the U.
Therefore they pose not only a threat to Europe, but also to the United States. Religion Perhaps the most commonly held belief today is that terrorism is caused by religion. Though it is not the main cause for terrorism, religion does play a significant role in driving some forms of it.
Today religion as a part of terrorism has been mainly attributed to Islamic fundamentalism though other examples, such as the Aum Shinrikyo cult that carried out the sarin gas attacks in Tokyo, also exist.
Socio-Economic Status Terrorists may also be driven by a sense of relative depravation and lack of upward mobility within society. This leads to frustration, victimization, and humiliation among growing cohorts of urbanized, undereducated, and unemployed Muslim youth who are able to make comparisons across countries.
This allows terrorist organizations to gain attention and entry to societies that have felt wronged by these perceived social injustices. Unfortunately the only real way to mitigate this is through economic development of the community, country, and region, but that takes time.
For the foreseeable future there will always be those that are disgruntled by the comparison of living standards of the wealthy around the world versus their own, opening the doors to frustration and anger. Thus, this driver is remarkably hard to combat as globalization allows for more mechanisms of comparison between varying global socio-economic levels.
Political Grievances A lack of political inclusiveness in states or grievances against a certain political order may cause individuals to join or create terrorist groups. Left and right wing terrorists often seek to a political system.
As well, many in nations with authoritarian regimes lack avenues for dissent. Frustrated expressions of political will can turn to violence as an alternative to exclusive political systems. In his piece, Taspinar describes this as a political dimension to relative depravation.
In this light he sees political Islam as a reaction to such oppressive governments and its Western supporters.Terrorism research, also called terrorism and counter-terrorism research, is an interdisciplinary academic field which seeks to understand the causes of terrorism, how to prevent it as well as its impact in the broadest sense.
This part of the barnweddingvt.com web site looks at some of the deeper geopolitical issues in the Middle East, where the control of resources (oil in particular) has led to the overthrow of democracies, support of dictators and human right abusers and so on.
This is an additional context in which terrorism and extremism has risen. The Promised Messiah (as) has analysed this issue in great detail and writes: ‘The philosophy and true nature of Jihad is a matter both complex and subtle.
Grave errors have been made both in our age and in the middle ages [of Islam] because people failed to understand this subject.
It is with.
Acts of terrorism are committed throughout the world. Learn about some of the main reasons that people resort to terrorist acts. The New Global Terrorism: Characteristics, Causes, Controls [Charles W.
Kegley Jr.] on barnweddingvt.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This book comprehensively covers the debatable issues regarding the post-September 11th wave of terrorism. Adopted by consensus in The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy on 8 September The strategy is .