Introduction A cultural transition has clearly taken place on the Internet.
We are actually almost always online and sometimes we are not aware of it. This is because of the transparency in service that Internet Service Providers ISP and cellular phone providers have given us. We also use the Internet to pay bills, RSVP to invitations, post photos from our daily life and even order groceries.
It has become a necessity for modern living that it seems we cannot live without it. If the Internet were to suddenly shut down, it will cause anxiety among people whose lives have become very much dependent on it. Bloggers and vloggers, social media influencers and online gamers form a large percentage of the online community.
This goes to show how the Internet has now become a big part of daily life. This is due to commercialization and how all aspects of modern life revolve around it.
That is what has led to the centralization of the Internet. This centralization is now controlled by the big players who provide it as a service, yet the original Internet was not like this. In fact it was a project by the US DoD Department of Defense to establish a computer data communications network that could withstand unforeseen events and disasters like war.
Therefore it must be decentralized so that if one part of the system fails the rest can still function. It must also be able to communicate using peer to peer interconnectivity without relying on a single computer. Another important consideration is that the computers must be interoperable among dissimilar systems, so that more devices can be a part of the network.
The system slowly evolved so it was not immediately adopted for commercial use. The best way to do this was to use an interconnected network of computers that can provide a way to collaborate and share information. The Internet would not have achieved mass adoption if not for the success of 5 important developments, in my opinion.
These protocols are what gave the Internet e-mail, file transfer, newsgroups, web pages, instant messaging, voice over IP just to name some. This is like a common language that computers use to communicate with one another on the network. This was the beginning of hypertext, which are links to information stored on other computers in the network.
Users would no longer need to know the actual location or computer name to access resources through the use of HTML Hypertext Markup Language hyperlinks. Thus a resource called a website can be accessed that provides these links which can be clicked with the mouse.
Browser — The World Wide Web would be useless if not for a software program called a browser. Early development of the web browser started with Mosaic in Prior to browsers, there was a software called Gopher that provided access to websites, but it was tedious and not user friendly.
Eventually more robust features evolved with a new generation of browsers like Mozilla and then Netscape. Search Engines — In order to get information and content from the Internet, a search engine software was needed.
The early days of searching began with Gopher. It became less popular when browser based search engines emerged. Other web based systems evolved like Lycos, Yahoo and Webcrawler.
It was simple and fast, offering the best way for users to get information on the Internet. Internet Service Providers — The early days of the Internet required a dial-up modem connected to a telephone line with data speeds of As the Internet grew more popular and businesses began to adopt it, more content required faster data speeds.
The catch was getting an e-mail address and free hour of Internet use. DSL service bumped speeds up to kbps.
Cable companies then provided even faster Internet speed using cable modems that became known as broadband service. The infrastructure was built by telecommunications companies and cable TV giants to offer even faster speeds that would allow users to stream video, chat, browse active content on the web, video conference and faster data downloads.
A user would connect a device called a modem via a serial port to their computer and use a dial-up service. The connection to the Internet was via a telephone line. To access the Internet, all users needed to do was know the telephone number of the connected computer.
From this computer, the user can establish connections to other computers.The history of the Internet begins with the development of electronic computers in the s.
Commercialization, privatization, broader access leads to the modern Internet: The issue of connecting separate physical networks to form one logical network was the first of many problems. For a discussion of the commercialization of the Internet and the economics of Internet advertising, see Glenn Spencer Bacal and Jennifer Wuammet, Net Commercialization Creates On-line Conflict, Bus.
J.-PHOENIX, Dec. , available in WL Among members of the U.S. Internet community, there probably is no single issue causing more debate than the commercialization of this “network of networks.” Few will dispute that the Internet. Since the introduction of the first graphicallyoriented Web browser, Mosaic, in , the Internet has experienced phenomenal growth, both in terms of the number of computers and devices connected to it and the number of individuals and firms providing and accessing content on it (Hoffman et al.
). This issue of Library Trends addresses Web content within the context of Internet commercialization and democracy. These are big ideas and problems, with potentially big solutions, so this issue has cast a wide net, pulling together voices from multiple disciplines, including communication studies, informatics, information management, research programming, computer science, engineering, and.
Since the introduction of the first graphicallyoriented Web browser, Mosaic, in , the Internet has experienced phenomenal growth, both in terms of the number of computers and devices connected to it and the number of individuals and firms providing and accessing content on it (Hoffman et al.